Energy Efficiency in Industry
There are many types of programs targeting the industrial sector; some of them focus on encouraging companies to purchase equipment that is more efficient while others focus on implanting best practices.
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Agencies at the federal, state, and local levels have programs engaging the industrial sector. Electric and natural gas utilities manage a majority of the state and local programs that address energy savings at the facility level. Utility sector ratepayer-funded programs often target specific technologies such as motors combined heat and power CHP or customer classes such as small and medium size manufacturers SMMs.
Programs also provide incentives to companies to invest in more efficient systems and controls. System-level savings is often a greater opportunity than device-level savings and therefore a key motivation for programs to support investments in intelligent efficiency and smart manufacturing. ACEEE created a collection of four tools to communicate the value of ratepayer-funded industrial energy efficiency programs to policymakers, state governments, utility operators, and other stakeholders.
Each tool focuses on a particular approach to achieving greater program participation by large energy users click title to download. This conference features peer reviewed papers, presentations, and brings together professionals in the utility, energy efficiency, and energy policy sectors. Recent events have focused on strategic energy management SEM , ISO , and other continuous improvement practices that engrain into an organization systematic treatment of energy management.
Energy efficiency programs encourage companies to make investments in efficiency either sooner than they would on their own thus yielding more savings in the short- and near-term; or that they would never make at all thus yielding long-term savings. By addressing market failures, efficiency programs save energy, save customers money, and improve stewardship of natural resources.
The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy ACEEE , a nonprofit, c 3 organization, acts as a catalyst to advance energy efficiency policies, programs, technologies, investments, and behaviors. We believe that the United States can harness the full potential of energy efficiency to achieve greater economic prosperity, energy security, and environmental protection for all its people.
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Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs. An overview of the benefits of industrial programs and a list of 10 tips for designing good industrial energy efficiency programs. This will mean replacing less efficient machines with new ones, which can be expensive. The prime candidates for improvement are the boilers, followed by the most energy-intensive part of paper production, the drying of the paper.
There are several potential emerging and breakthrough technologies, although most are currently at a standstill. The bio-route aims to develop integrated bio-refinery complexes producing bio-pulp, bio-paper, bio-chemicals, biofuels, bioenergy and possibly bio- Carbon Capture and Storage CCS. This route includes further development of the gasification of black liquor, which is an energy rich by-product from kraft pulp production.
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It is currently burned in a recovery boiler to produce electricity and steam for the pulp mill. However, it may be that the use of black liquor for the production of transportation fuels is a better option in economic terms. Meanwhile, there is ongoing work, at the laboratory level, to optimise the mechanical production of pulp. As the pulp and paper industry also produces energy, an important synergy in efforts to reduce CO 2 emissions could be exploited by sharing innovation initiatives with the power sector or with any other energy-intensive manufacturing industry that could launch initiatives in the field of carbon capture and storage e.
The economic crisis in hit the pulp and paper industry hard, even though a lot of restructuring work had already been carried out in the industry, which may have mitigated the impact of the crisis somewhat. The industry has partially recovered, but is not back to its pre-crisis level yet.http://airtec.gr/images/como-leer/1451-programas-para-hackear.php
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A decline in production is forecast for some grades of paper, e. Where the sector will be in , and will also largely depend on the export market and the competitiveness of the sector globally. In the short- and long-term, the availability of raw materials wood and recycled fibre will be crucial for the pulp and paper industry. Currently, there is increasing pressure on the availability of biomass. The pulp and paper industry is competing with other bioenergy producers for their main virgin feedstock wood.
At the same time, waste paper is exported on a large scale, mainly to China, where new large paper mills have been built. This leads to shortages in recycled fibres for some European paper producers. This is exacerbated by the relatively high cost of recycling and transporting fibres, when paper consumption is mainly centred on urban areas, whereas pulp and paper factories are usually close to forests, in rural areas.
Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs
Priority grid access and dispatch for CHP electricity sold back to the national grid would lead to a quicker and wider implementation. A lack of detailed and consolidated information about consumption and emissions of most of the pulp and paper technologies is a barrier in itself. Large-scale demonstration plants could help the breakthrough technologies to show their market viability.
Part of the support needed to develop the bio-route can be channelled through the European Industrial Bioenergy Initiative. However, the large investments needed to jump from pilot plant to full-scale application may require an additional push.
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The European pulp and paper industry consists of about companies producing pulp, paper and board, ranging from small and medium sized companies to large multi-nationals, totalling about 1, mills. Sweden and Finland were the leading pulp producers in Europe in , followed by Germany, with a share in total production of